What is the meaning of Tirthankara?
A Jain Tirthankar is the teaching god or 'Ford Maker' in Jainism. Each cosmic age produced 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism according to religious faith. The art of Tirthankaras is displayed as overseeing the body in a Kayotsarga pose.
- Another popular posture in Tirthankara's art is the meditation pose, where he is witnessed sitting in a cross-legged position on a lion's throne.
- The difference between 24 Tirthankara of Jainism is based on symbolic colors or logos.
- 24 Tirthankar names are given by taking inspiration from their mother's ambitions previous to their births.
- The first Jain Tirthankar was mentioned as Rishabhnath.
- The life narratives of 24 Tirthankaras are quoted in a spiritual text of Jains called Kalpasutra, assembled by the Digambara sect Jain Muni Bhadrabahu.
List of 24 Tirthankaras, Symbols, Colours, and Meaning
Below are the 24 Tirthankara of Jainism, along with their emblems, colors, and symbols, listed in the table. Get complete knowledge of the 24 Tirthankaras and the related pertinents.
Present cosmic age
24 Tirthankar Name
Jain Tirthankar Symbols/Emblems
24 Tirthankar Colours
Lord First/Lord Bull
Worship with donations of custody
Stack of Jewels
Of good oath
Eye Winking/Bowing Down
The edge of whose wheel is intact
Future 24 Tirthankara of Jainism
The names of the next 24 Tirthankara of Jainism, which will be born in the Utsarpini age according to Jain Cosmology, are as follows:
Previous human birth
Mahavira's uncle Suparshva
King Kaunik's son king Udayin
The ascetic Potti
Satyaki of Mahabharata
Krishna's brother Balbhadra also known as Balrama
Krishna's brother's mother Rohini Devi
Karna of Mahabharata
Nirgranthaputra or Mallanarada
Important Tirthankaras of Jainism
24 Tirthankara of Jainism were supposed to be the common soul born as a human and acquired the states of a Tirthankar after intense practices of self-punishment, tranquility, and meditation. Below are some critical facts about the most recognized Tirthankaras.
Rishabhnath - First Tirthankara of Jainism
The first Tirthankara of Jainism, Rishabhnath, is assumed to exist even before the beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization.
- Lord Vishnu is another name given to the 1st Jain Tirthankar in Bhagavata Purana.
- Rishabhnath is also mentioned in the Vedas.
- This Tirthankara of Jainism had several sons, including Bahubali and Bharat, and the world's highest statue, The Gomateshwara Statue (Karnataka), is devoted to Bahubali.
- Rishabhnath's script name is defined as Brahmi, which is assumed to be kept by taking inspiration from his daughter's name.
Parsvanath - 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism
The 23rd Tirthankara was known as Parsvanath. It is understood that he lived about two centuries earlier than Vardhamana Mahavira.
- Parsvanath put forward the religion of Jainism, which Mahavira subsequently refreshed.
- His birthplace was in Banaras, Uttar Pradesh state, close to 817 BCE.
- He achieved Kaivalya in Jharkhand above Mount Sammeta (Parasnath).
- The tallest sculpture of Parsvanath is discovered in Navagraha Jain Temple (Karnataka).
Parsvnath established four-fold constraints according to the Svetambaras Sect or White-Clad Sect of Jainism; these were:
- Mahavira included Brahmacharya.
Mahavira - 24th Tirthankara of Jainism
The name of the 24 Tirthankar in the Jain religion is Mahavira, Siddhartha, and Trishla's son. He was born in Bihar, India, and he was a modern-day Gautam Buddha.
- He quit his worldly occupancies at 30 and desired stringent life towards Kevala Gnan.
- He achieved Kaivalya beneath a bush of Sal.
- The 24th Jain Tirthankar acquired Nirvana in Pavapuri of Bihar.
24 Tirthankara of Jainism for UPSC Exam
Candidates who desire to work as Government officials must cover the entire Syllabus of UPSC and read the NCERT books or study material on important subjects. 24 Tirthankara of Jainism UPSC comes under the Indian Art, Culture, Literature, and Architecture section of the UPSC Syllabus. Candidates can examine the Art and Culture Notes for UPSC preparation to learn the topic thoroughly.
The notes are beneficial for candidates studying for IAS, IPS, IFS, or any other Government competitive exams. Aspirants must be competently familiar with the Tirthankaras of Jainism topic for the UPSC Exam, which is a crucial part of the Syllabus.
24 Tirthankara of Jainism for UPSC Questions
Candidates can also study NCERT Books for UPSC to make a strong foundation before picking advanced UPSC books for Prelims and Mains preparation. The aspirants can practice the questions pertaining to 24 Tirthankara of Jainism.
Question: Consider the following pairs:
- Shambhava - Snake
- Abhinandana - Ape
- Dharma - Thunderbolt
- Parshvanath - Horse
Select the correct pairs:
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2, and 4
(d) All of the options
- Abhinandana - Ape
- Dharma - Thunderbolt
- Shambhava - Horse
- Parshvanath - Snake
Question: Which of the given statements is/are correct about Jainism?
- Its primary goal is to achieve liberation, for which no ritual is necessary.
- Lord Mahavira was the final of the 24 great teachers.
Select the correct options from below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Its primary goal is to achieve liberation, for which no ritual is necessary. It is run by three principles known as the Three Jewels or Triratna
- Right Knowledge (Samyakjnana)
- Right Action (Samyak Charitra)
- Right Faith (Samyak Darshan)
Lord Mahavira was the final 24th great teacher who had earned complete understanding (Moksha) while living and imparting it to the masses.